UNESCO recognized the Mediterranean Diet as an “intangible heritage of humanity" and is the best in the world according to the U.S. diet ranking News & world Report.
It is a diet that involves a large consumption of:
fruit, vegetables, herbs
And a reduced consumption of:
Its benefits in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer are proven by numerous studies.
The Mediterranean diet is not only healthy, it is also sustainable: according to the food pyramid scheme, the foods that should be consumed the most are those with the least environmental impact and vice versa.
According to studies carried out, meat is at the top of the ranking of the most "polluting" foods, responsible for 12% of total greenhouse gas emissions. Less influential, but still with important values, are dairy products, which contribute with a percentage of 5%. The Mediterranean diet, in addition to being the healthiest from a nutritional point of view, would therefore also be sustainable from an environmental point of view since it "involves a high consumption of vegetables, legumes, fresh and nuts, olive oil and cereals; moderate consumption of fish and dairy products (especially cheese and yogurt); an even more moderate consumption of meat and sweets”.
To understand what are the benefits that the environment could enjoy "just think that if all Italian citizens would not eat meat for just one day a week, there would be a total saving of 198 thousand tons of CO2. Furthermore, by adopting a Mediterranean diet it is possible to save over 2000 liters of water per day, thanks to the reduced consumption of products of animal origin ".